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Ethics

Course CodeBPS217
Fee CodeS3
Duration (approx)100 hours
QualificationStatement of Attainment

Learn to make better decisions

Ethics is an area of enquiry with roots in philosophy and religion but which is widely applied in other areas such as law, health care and human rights. Ethics encourages people to think more abstractly, to broaden their perspective.

An understanding of belief systems and morality underpins all areas of life - at home, in public and at work.  Studying ethics can help people to develop the ability to question why particular codes of ethics are in place, along with their usefulness and limitations. 

Do you really understand what is good?

Ethics is all about understanding the difference between right or wrong, good or bad - but often things are not so clear cut. For example, sometimes one person may suffer from a decision whilst several others benefit.  Students of this course will learn to challenge their own values and why they hold them. As well as the practice of psychology and counselling which adhere to strong ethical codes, this course can apply to all sorts of professions.

There are many concepts and ways of thinking about morality; and a study of ethics helps you gain a better perspective on this subject.  This course will provide you with a useful insight into the theory of ethics and also the practical applications of the study of ethics. In the course, you will study - 

  • Theories of ethics
  • Current ethical theories
  • Ethical theories through the ages
  • Who determines what is ethical
  • Meta-ethics
  • Different ethical positions
  • The Social Contract
  • Making Ethical decisions
  • Virtues
  • Morality
  • Individual's rights
  • Ethical society
  • Ethics in the workplace and much more.

Lesson Structure

There are 9 lessons in this course:

  1. Overview and Introduction to Ethics
    • How did ethics emerge?
    • The relationship between ethics and philosophy
    • Divine Command Theory of Ethics
    • The Theory of Forms Theory of Ethics
    • Theory of Relative Ethics
    • Meta-ethics
    • Normative Ethics
    • Applied Ethics
    • Ethical theories and principals
    • How you apply ethics in real life?
  2. Arguing an Ethical Position –An overview of Meta ethics
    • Metaethics
    • Moral Realism
    • Ethical Naturalism
    • Ethical Non-naturalism
    • Expressivism Theories (Non-Cognitive)
  3. Accommodating different ideas
    • Ethical Relativism
    • Ethical Universalism
    • Absolutism
    • Pluralism
    • Virtue Ethics
    • Deontological Ethics
    • Natural Law
    • Social Contract
    • Utilitarianism
    • Care Ethics
    • Different Ethical Viewpoints
    • Conventionalist
    • Experientialist
    • Transcendentalist
    • Individualist
    • Systemicist
    • Legitimist
    • Ethical Dilemmas
  4. Virtues and Morality
    • Developmental Model of Virtue Ethics
    • Principle of the Golden Mean
    • Other Theories
    • Problems
    • Morality
    • Religion
  5. Reasons for Ethical Decisions
    • Theories of Ethical Decision-Making
    • Consequentialism
    • Utilitarianism
    • Natural Ethics Theory
    • Principle of Natural Law
    • Golden Rule
    • The Principle of Double Effect
  6. The Social Contract
    • Theories of Social Contract
    • Hobbes
    • Locke
    • Rousseau
    • Twentieth Century Social Contract Theory
    • Rawls
    • Principle of Self-Interest
    • Egoism
  7. An Individual’s Rights
    • Basic Human Rights
    • The Underpinning Values of Human Rights
    • Fairness
    • Respect
    • Equality
    • Dignity
    • Autonomy
    • Categories of Human Rights
    • Civil Rights
    • Political Rights
    • Economic Rights
    • Social Rights
    • Cultural Rights
    • Human Rights Breaches
    • Applied Ethics
    • Stem Cell Research
  8. What is an Ethical Society?
    • Labelling and Mental Health
    • More on Stigmatization and Labelling
    • Ethics and Mental Health
  9. The Ethics of Work and Business
    • Why Do Organisations Need Ethics?
    • Business Ethics
    • Ethics in Medicine
    • Benefits of Ethics in Healthcare
    • Ethics for a Consultant

Each lesson culminates in an assignment which is submitted to the school, marked by the school's tutors and returned to you with any relevant suggestions, comments, and if necessary, extra reading.

Aims

  • Understand the scope, nature and language of ethics
  • Demonstrate a capacity to argue varying viewpoints about ethics
  • Discuss how conflicting points of view might be rationalized in ethics
  • Discuss the virtues found or lacking in different people and groups of people
  • Identify how and why different people will choose to adopt one ethical position rather than another
  • Explain the social contract
  • Explain how ethics can be applied to determine and manage the rights of individuals
  • Explain how ethics can be applied to better manage the effective functioning of human societies
  • Explain how ethics can be applied by people in the work they do, on a daily basis and throughout an entire career

What is Your Ethical Position?

   ....Do You Even Have One?

 
In the modern world, we may face many different moral decisions. Philosophers have considered different ways to rationalise conflicting viewpoints through ethical decisions.
 
Ethical Relativism is the idea that any position on ethics will have a relationship to the context in which that position exists (e.g. many people may believe that it would be unethical to eat certain things, or expose parts of the human body in one context; however, it may be acceptable to do the same things in a different place or time).
 
 
Ethical relativism is the view that all points of view have equal value and the individual will determine what is true and relative for them. So relativism argues that what is the truth varies from person to person and that different people will believe different things to be true.  Ethical relativism is the most common form of relativism, but relativism does exist in science and mathematics. So in relativist ethics, statements can include: 
  • “What is right for me may not be right for you”.
  • “What is right for your culture may not be right for my culture”.
  • “No moral principles are true for all people, in all places, all of the time”.
So the argument here is that there are no moral absolutes, no moral wrong and no moral right. 
 
 

Differing Ethical Views

There are many different ethical viewpoints which can be applied to any ethical dilemma. The approach adopted by any individual, will be influenced by the nature of the dilemma, the individuals involved, and the severity of the dilemma. Here are some of the different approaches that might be taken:
 
 
1) Conventionalist
Those who approach a dilemma from this perspective will base their view on what society as a whole considers to be the right way. In other words they would conform to the majority viewpoint. Approaching a dilemma from this stance means not having a clear idea of right and wrong. After consideration of what others think it would be quite possible to change one's mind. 
 
 
2) Experientialist
This approach refers to basing decisions on gut feelings or a sense of what is right. Usually the person does not think the dilemma through but makes their choice on their emotional reaction to it. If their immediate sense is that a behaviour is ethically right then they will condone it.
 
 
3) Transcendentalist
The transcendentalist makes their ethical decisions in light of religious beliefs. Someone using this viewpoint would have a very clear idea of what they considered to be right or wrong informed by their religion. This usually means they will not consider alternative explanations if they deem an act to be wrong. 
 
 
4) Individualist
An individualist viewpoint is one where the person making the ethical choice weighs up how it might affect them personally. If there is a chance that their actions might lead to them committing a crime or wrongdoing, whether personally or by proxy, then they will not choose this option. The person taking this approach would also not be influenced by their relationship with any individuals involved in decision-making. For instance, someone with this approach would report their sister to the authorities if they thought she had shoplifted.
 
 
5) Systemicist
Someone using this approach to ethical decision making would consider what is best for those involved i.e. what would be the best choice for the system as a whole, the majority of people that the decision a affects. 
 
 
6) Legitimist
Someone using this approach will base their ethical decisions on the law. A decision is wrong if it breaks the law. Laws, rules, policies, and so forth as seen as being for the common good of everyone in society and therefore any breaches to them are ethically wrong.
 
Whilst these different ethical viewpoints are different in some way or other, each person does not necessarily uphold all their ethical decisions from any specific viewpoint. Often we make decisions based on more than one viewpoint. For instance, a brother may begin with a individualist stance by condemning his sister for shoplifting but convert to an experientialist stance when he learns that she was doing so to fund a life-saving operation for one of her children. 
 
Some people of course may adopt a particular stance and remain relatively fixed to it. Legitimists are likely to be less flexible than others. Other people may change the way they approach ethical decisions as they mature or as they become better informed about a subject or situation. 

 

Studying Ethics Broadens Your Mind

It can give you insights and a better perspective for making decisions throughout life. Some people study ethics with a particular application in mind; perhaps applying it to health, environmental management, welfare, politics or legal services. It is most certainly  relevant in all of these disciplines; but equally as relevant in a person's private life as it is in the way we conduct ourselves at work or in public.
 
Whatever your purpose; this course can enrich and enlighten you in many different ways.

 

 

Who should study this course?

This Ethics course will be of interest to anyone who wants to understand more about the theories behind ethics, ethical decisions and living in an ethical society. 
For example -
  • students
  • nurses
  • doctors
  • health care workers
  • business men and women
  • writers
  • social workers
  • scientists
  • lawyers
  • police personnel
  • solicitors


Meet some of our academics

Dr. Gareth PearceVeterinary scientist and surgeon with expertise in agriculture and environmental science, with over 25 years of experience in teaching and research in agriculture, veterinary medicine, wildlife ecology and conservation in the UK, Australia and New Zealand. Post-graduate qualifications in Education, Wildlife Conservation Medicine, Aquatic Veterinary Studies and Wildlife Biology & Conservation. Gareth has a B.Sc.(Hons), B.V.Sc., M.A., M.Vet.S,. PhD, Grad. Cert. Ed.(HE), Post-Grad.Cert. Aq.Vet.Sc., Post-Grad. Cert. WLBio&Cons., Dipl. ECPHM, MRCVS.
Lyn QuirkM.Prof.Ed.; Adv.Dip.Compl.Med (Naturopathy); Adv.Dip.Sports Therapy Over 30 years as Health Club Manager, Fitness Professional, Teacher, Coach and Business manager in health, fitness and leisure industries. As business owner and former department head for TAFE, she brings a wealth of skills and experience to her role as a tutor for ACS.
Tracey JonesWidely published author, Psychologist, Manager and Lecturer. Over 10 years working with ACS and 25 years of industry experience. Qualifications include: B.Sc. (Hons) (Psychology), M.Soc.Sc (social work), Dip. SW (social work), PGCE (Education), PGD (Learning Disability Studies).
Gavin ColePsychologist, Educator, Author, Psychotherapist. B.Sc., Psych.Cert., M. Psych. Cert.Garden Design, MACA Gavin is both a highly experienced Psychologist and tutor. Gavin has over 25 years experience in the Psychology industry, and has been working with ACS since 2001. He has worked in both Australia and England, and has been involved in writing numerous books and courses in Psychology and Counselling


Check out our eBooks

Human NutritionBoth a text for students, or an informative read for anyone who wants to eat better. While covering the basics, the book approaches nutrition a little differently here to some other books, with sections covering ”Modifying diet according to Genetic Disposition or Lifestyle”, “How to find Reliable Information on Nutrition” and “Understanding how Diet relates to Different Parts of the Body” (including Urinary, Digestive, Respiratory and Circulatory System, the Brain, etc). This ebook was written to complement the ACS Nutrition I course, and provides a solid foundation for anyone wanting to grasp a fundamental understanding of Human Nutrition. 41 pages
LeadershipWhat makes a good leader? Is it an innate personality trait or a skill that can be acquired? This book is an excellent guide to the theories and practice of leadership. It is full of interesting facts about social dynamics and examples of leadership styles. For those who are curious or in need of some leadership skills, this book will provide both entertainment and advice.
Organic GardeningCreate a healthy, well-balanced garden. Attract abundant beneficial insects to pollinate your plants. Have healthy, fertile, organic soils teeming with life. Use this book as a guide to establish lush gardens laden with fruit, vegetables, herbs and ornamentals - without the use of chemicals. The ebook covers: soils and nutrition, pest and disease, natural weed control, conservation and recycling. 179 pages, 170 colour photos
Professional Practice for ConsultantsExplore becoming a consultant. This ebook contains chapters on how to be a consultant, packaging your services, delivering the services, building your resources, finding the work and getting the job, planning and ethics.