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Qualification - Certificate in Biological Psychology

Course CodeVBS120
Fee CodeCT
Duration (approx)600 hours

Study Biopsychology to learn more about the brain and biology!  

  • Understand more about how our physical state affects how we think and how we behave.
  • Learn more about the interaction between our biology and brain.
  • Study drugs and alcohol and how this affects us biologically and mentally.
  • Study six modules. There are three core modules of - Biopsychology, Neuropsychology and Psychopharmacology
  • You then choose three modules from a list of electives, including Human Biology, Stress, Introduction to Psychology, Biopsychology II, Developmental Psychology and Bioenergetics (Human Biology IB)
  • The course is recognised by IARC (International  Accreditation and Recognition Council)
  • You can start the course at any time and study from the comfort of your own home
  • Our tutors are there to help you all the way

  This course will improve your job and career prospects and is suitable for:

  • People working with medications but want to know more such as nursing home staff and carers
  • People working as counsellors but would like to be more informed
  • Anyone interested in the affects of drugs and medication upon the human body and mind.

Modules

Core ModulesThese modules provide foundation knowledge for the Qualification - Certificate in Biological Psychology .
 Biopsychology I BPS108
 Neuropsychology BPS306
 Psychopharmacology (Drugs and Psychology) BPS302
 
Elective ModulesIn addition to the core modules, students study any 3 of the following 6 modules.
 Human Biology 1A (Anatomy and Physiology) BSC101
 Introduction To Psychology BPS101
 Stress Management VPS100
 Biopsychology II BPS204
 Developmental Psychology BPS210
 Human Biology IB (Bioenergetics) BSC201
 

Note that each module in the Qualification - Certificate in Biological Psychology is a short course in its own right, and may be studied separately.


More on the Core Modules
 
Biopsychology
 

There are 7 lessons in this course:

  1. Introduction
    • Types of external and internal stimuli, mind-body debate, introduction to the nervous system.
  2. The senses
    • Sensory input, sensory perception, description of the major senses.
  3. The Nervous System
    • Description of the neurons, the central nervous system, peripheral nervous system, including the autonomic nervous system.
  4. The Endocrine System
    • Effect of hormones on behaviour and physiology, association of endocrine system and nervous system, connection between external and internal stimuli.
  5. Stress
    • Types of stressors, physical effects of stress, personality & stress.
  6. Emotions
    • Homeostasis, eating disorders, physiological responses to emotions, theories of emotion.
  7. Consciousness
    • Degrees of consciousness, awareness & attention, altered states of consciousness.

Each lesson culminates in an assignment which is submitted to the school, marked by the school's tutors and returned to you with any relevant suggestions, comments, and if necessary, extra reading.

 Neuropsychology
 

There are 10 lessons in this course:

  1. Foundations of Neuropsychology
    • What is neuropsychology?
    • The Information Processing Approach
    • Studying the human mind
    • Techniques used
    • Brain scans
    • Animal studies
    • Methods of investigating the brain
    • Psychological tests
    • Stroop test.
  2. Neurophysiology
    • Neurons
    • Parts of a neuron
    • Neurotransmitters
    • Effects of neurotransmitters
    • Neurotransmitters and their effects
    • Endorphins
    • Disorders associated with neurotransmitters
    • Glia cells
    • Schwann cells
    • Nerve impulse
    • Synaptic transmission
    • Nerve impulse
    • Neuromuscular transmission.
  3. Neuroanatomy
    • The nervous system
    • Parts of the central nervous system
    • The brain
    • The spinal cord
    • Spinal nerves
    • Blood brain barrier
    • Peripheral nervous system
    • Autonomic nervous system
    • Sensory somatic nervous system
    • Spinal nerves
    • Cranial nerves
    • How the nervous system works (a summary)
    • Problems with brain functioning
    • Cerebral palsy
    • Brain tumours
    • Injuries to the head
    • Epilepsy
    • Headaches
    • Mental illness
    • Meningitis and encephalitis.
  4. Laterality and Callosal Syndromes
    • Brain lateralisation
    • Left handedness
    • Cognitive neuropsychology
    • Callosal syndrome
    • Complete severance
    • Split brain
    • Complete severance
    • Split brain syndrome
    • Lobotomy
    • Psychosurgery
    • Dual brain theory
  5. Cognition, Personality and Emotion
    • Brain damage
    • Emotion and moods
    • Phineas Gage
    • Brain damage and emotion
    • Frontal lobe
    • Higher level functioning
    • The Limbic system
    • Neurotransmitters
    • Neuropsychology
    • Emotions research.
  6. Perception Disorders
    • Hemispatial neglect
    • Causes of hemispatial neglect
    • Auditory perceptual disorder
    • Agnosia
    • Visual agnosia
    • Types of visual agnosia
    • Prosopagnosia
    • Simultanagnosia
    • Optic aphasia
    • Hallucinogen persisting perception disorder.
  7. Motor Disorders
    • Parkinson’s Disease
    • Motor disorders resulting from traumatic brain injury
    • Non traumatic and/or genetic paediatric movement disorders
    • Cerebral palsy
    • Motor conditions
    • Gerstmann’s Syndrome
    • Apraxia
    • Motor skills disorder
    • Motion dyspraxia
    • Neural transplants and Parkinson’s Disease
    • Gene therapy
    • How does gene therapy work
    • Ethical issues surrounding gene therapy,
  8. Language
    • Broca’s area
    • Wernicke’s area
    • Speech
    • Language
    • Speech and language disorders
    • Apraxia
    • Aphasia
    • Stuttering
    • Neurogenic stuttering
    • Troyer syndrome
    • Speech disorders.
  9. Dementia
    • Kinds of dementia
    • Alzheimer’s Disease
    • Vascular Dementia
    • Multi-infarct Dementia
    • Parkinson’s Disease
    • Pick’s Disease
    • Dementia with Lewy Bodies
    • Huntingdon’s Disease
    • Pseudo-Dementia
    • Spotting dementia and other conditions,
  10. Neurodevelopment
    • Major processes of neurodevelopment
    • Neurogenesis
    • Migration
    • Differentiation
    • Apoptosis
    • Aborisation
    • Synaptogenesis
    • Asperger Syndrome
    • Neuroplasticity and brain damage.

Each lesson culminates in an assignment which is submitted to the school, marked by the school's tutors and returned to you with any relevant suggestions, comments, and if necessary, extra reading.

Psychopharmacology
 

There are 11 lessons in this course:

  1. Introduction
    • Scope and nature of drugs; legal and illegal
    • Amphetamine
    • Cocaine
    • Crack
    • LSD
    • Ritalin
    • Steroids
    • How heroin is used
    • Medical consequences of chronic heroin abuse
    • Names used for heroin
  2. Effects of drugs on the individual and society
    • Community acceptance
    • Terminology
    • Why people use drugs
    • Addiction; how drugs work in the brain
    • Central nervous system
    • Physiological and psychological effects of drugs
    • Alcohol effects
    • Sedative effects
    • Stimulant effects
    • Hallucinogenics
    • Psychological effects of drugs
  3. Legally restricted drugs: Stimulants and narcotics
    • Stimulants
    • Symptoms of abuse
    • How cocaine is abused
    • How does cocaine effect the brain
    • What adverse effects does cocaine have on health
    • Added danger; cocaethylene
    • Treatment options
    • Scope of cocaine abuse
    • Narcotics
    • Abuse symptoms
    • Forms and dangers
    • Designer drugs
    • Ecstacy pill
  4. Legally restricted drugs: Hallucinogens and marijuana
    • Effects of hallucinogens
    • Symptoms of abuse
    • LSD
    • Hallucinogen persisting perception disorder
    • Marijuana
    • Effects of marijuana on the brain
    • Symptoms of abuse, forms of marijuana and dangers
    • Phencylidine (PCP)
    • Symptoms of abuse, forms of PCP and dangers
  5. Legally restricted drugs: Steroids
    • Steroids
    • Symptoms of abuse, forms of steroids and dangers
  6. Legal drugs: Alcohol
    • Symptoms of abuse and dangers with alcohol
    • Alcoholism
    • Staying in control with alcohol
    • Alcohol amnestic syndrome (Korsakoff's syndrome)
    • Treating korsakoff's syndrome)
    • Alcohol and the developing brain
  7. Legal drugs: Tobacco, caffeine and solvents
    • Nicotine addiction
    • Effects of nicotine on the circulatory system
    • Caffeine
    • Caffeine addiction
    • Solvents (volitile solvent abuse): symptoms and dangers
  8. Prescription and over-the-counter drugs
    • Prescription drugs (Over the counter or OTC)
    • Groups of prescription drugs
    • Misuse of OTC drugs
    • Opioids
    • Treatments for opioid addiction
    • CNS depressants
    • Stimulants
    • Stimulant abuse and treatment for stimulant addiction
  9. Sedatives and anti-anxiety drugs
    • Anti anxiety drugs
    • Barbituates
    • Benzodiazepines
    • Depressants
    • Rohypnol
  10. Prescription drugs for schizophrenia and affective disorders
    • Schizophrenia
    • Onset of schizophrenia
    • Symptoms of schizophrenia
    • Treatment for schizophrenia
    • Anti psychotic drugs
    • Patient support system
    • Depression
    • Depressive disorders
    • Type of depression
    • Unipolar disorder
    • Bipolar disorder
    • Causes of depression
    • Anti depressants
  11. Treatment and preventative education
    • Drug addiction
    • Behavioural and psychosocial treatments for drug addiction
    • Treatments for heroin addiction
    • Behavioural therapies for heroin addiction
    • Detoxification

Each lesson culminates in an assignment which is submitted to the school, marked by the school's tutors and returned to you with any relevant suggestions, comments, and if necessary, extra reading.

 ELECTIVE MODULES
You are required to study THREE modules from the list of electives below -
  • Human Biology IA
  • Introduction to Psychology
  • Stress Management
  • Biopsychology II
  • Developmental Psychology
  • Bioenergetics (Human Biology 1B)
MORE INFORMATION ON THE ELECTIVE MODULES
 
Human Biology 1A
 

There are 6 lessons in this course:

  1. Cells and Tissues
    • Introduction
    • Cell Components
    • Human Tissues
    • Epithelial tissues
    • Connective tissues
    • Fluid tissues
    • Muscle tissues
    • Nervous tissues
    • Cell Division
    • Cell Processes
    • Osmosis and Diffusion
    • Hydrostatic Pressure
    • Active Transport; Phagocytosis, Pinocytosis
    • Electro Chemical Gradient
    • Nutrient and Waste Exchange in Cells
  2. The Skeleton
    • Introduction
    • Bone tissue
    • Cartilage
    • Bone marrow
    • The periosteum
    • Osteology
    • Bone Anatomy
    • Bone Types; long, short, flat, sesamoidirregular, sutral
    • Review of all Bones in a Human Skeleton
    • Bone Joints; Synarthrosis, amphiarthrosis, Diarthroses
    • Types of Bone Movements; gliding, angular, rotation, other
    • Skeletal Functions
    • Fractures
    • Fracture Healing
    • Osteoporosis
  3. The Muscular System
    • Parts of the Muscular System
    • Tendons
    • How Muscles Move
    • Muscle Fibre (Filament) Types; thick, thin, elastic
    • Smooth (or involuntary) muscle
    • Striated (or voluntary) muscle
    • Cardiac muscle
    • Types of Skeletal Muscle; slow and fast oxidative fibres, Fast glycolytic fibres
  4. The Nervous System
    • Nerve Cells
    • Sensory Neurons
    • Motor Neurons
    • Terminology
    • The Nervous Sysytem
    • Central Nervous System
    • Peripheral Nervous Systewm
    • The Brain; Cerabellum, Olfactory bulb, Cerebrum, Thalmus, Hypothalmus, Medula Oblongata
    • Spinal Chord
    • Spinal Chord Injuries
    • Cranial Nerves
    • Spinal Nerves
    • Automatic Nervous System
    • Reflex Actions
  5. Digestion and Excretion
    • Digestive System Introduction
    • The Alimentary Canal
    • The Mouth
    • Oesophagus
    • Stomach
    • Small Intestine
    • Large Intestine
    • Accessory Digestive Organs; tongue, teeth, salivary glands, liver, hepatic artery, gall bladder, pancreas.
    • Nutrient and Digestion Disorders
    • Vomiting
    • Peptic Ulcer
    • Jaundice
    • Lactose Intollerance
    • Haemerroids
    • Cirrhosis
    • Excretion; The Kidneys, Ureters, Blasser
    • Urinary System
  6. Physiological Systems
    • Endocrine System
    • Effects of Hormones; seven types
    • Summary of Endocrine Glands
    • Respiratory System
    • Trachea
    • Bronchial Tree
    • Left and Right Bronchus
    • Lungs
    • Physiology of Respiration
    • Gaseous Exchange
    • Rate and Depth of Breathing
    • Reproductive System; male and female
    • Physiology of Reproductive System
    • Pregnancy and Birth
    • The Circulatory System
    • Blood composition, functions, blood vessels, arteries, veins
    • Heart, physiology of circulatory system, blood pressure, spleen
    • Lymphatic System
 Introduction to Psychology
 
There are seven lessons in this course, as follows:

 

 

  1. The nature and scope of Psychology - Different approaches to psychology. It's all common sense isn't it? Key issues in psychology, free will and determinism, applying psychology, developing questionnaires.
  2. Neurological basis of behaviour - Structures of the nervous system, central nervous system, peripheral nervous system, how nerves transmit messages, the brain and method, methods of investigating the brain, brain damage, the strange case of Phineas Gage, split brain operations, localisation of function.
  3. Environmental effects on behaviour - Learning and behaviour, modelling, conditioning, extinction, punishment, learning and memory, memory improvement strategies,
  4. Consciousness and perception - Status of consciousness in psychology, nature of consciousness, relationship between consciousness and perception, unconscious and subconscious, altered state of consciousness,  day dreams, sleeping and dreaming, chemically altered perception, perception, selective attention, factors affecting perception, perceptual biases.
  5. Personality - Theories of personality, personality traits, theoretical approaches to human personality, id, ego and superego, Oedipus Complex, Electra Complex, psychological defence mechanisms, genes and personality, personality disorders, multi-trait theories.                                                     
  6. Psychological development - Nature vs nurture, environment and development, stages of development, moral development, psychosexual development, psychosocial development, adolescence, adult psychological development, criticisms of stage theories.
  7. Needs, drives and motivation - motivation, behaviourist theories of human motivation, drives, Maslow's theory of human motivation, complementary and conflicting motives.
Stress Management

There are 8 lessons in this course:

  1. Body changes caused by stress.
  2. Developing an easy going lifestyle.
  3. Pills & alcohol abuse.
  4. Building self esteem.
  5. Career management & achieving work satisfaction.
  6. Security & Decision Making.
  7. Relaxation - massage, meditation and diet.
  8. Evaluating & developing your own personality.

Each lesson culminates in an assignment which is submitted to the school, marked by the school's tutors and returned to you with any relevant suggestions, comments, and if necessary, extra reading.

Biopsychology II

There are 7 lessons in this course:

  1. Evolution, Genetics and Experience
    • What is biopsychology?
    • The organism's genetic endowment, experience and perception.
    • Adaptation
    • Behavioural genetics
    • The nature nurture debate
    • The human genome
    • Benefits of genetic research
    • Critical policy and ethical issues
  2. Research Methods in Biopsychology
    • Behavioural genetics
    • Methods of investigating the brain: invasive and non invasive
    • Localisation of function
    • Neuroanatomical techniques
    • Psychophysiological measures
    • Other methods
    • Lesions
  3. Brain Damage
    • Causes of brain damage
    • Frontal lobe damage
    • Damage to other areas and effects
    • Types of brain damage
    • Case study : Phineas Gage
    • Case study: diagnosing epilepsy
    • Case study -Alzheimer's disease
  4. Recovery from Brain Damage
    • Neuro plasticity
    • Stages of recovery: unresponsiveness, early responses, agitated and confused, higher level responses,
    • Case study: Parkinson's disease
    • Parkinson's disease symptoms, diagnosis, prognosis, stages, etc
    • Drug treatments for Parkinson's disease
    • Complimentary and supportive therapies for Parkinson's disease
    • Coping with Parkinson's disease
    • Terminology
  5. Drug Dependence and the Brain
    • Drugs
    • Definitions
    • Effects of illegal drugs
    • Other drugs: steroids, barbiturates, etc
    • Physiological and psychological effects of drugs: illicit, stimulants
    • Addiction: how drugs work in the brain
    • Central nervous system
  6. Memory
    • Models of memory: multistore model, working memory model, levels of processing model
    • Levels of processing model
    • Amnesia and types of amnesia
    • Case study: traumatic amnesia
    • Case study: Korsakoff's syndrome (Alcohol amnesic syndrome)
  7. Language
    • The brain and language
    • Paul Broca
    • Carl Wernicke
    • Aphasia and Diphasia
    • Apraxia
Developmental Psychology

Lesson Structure

There are 10 lessons in this course:

  1. Introduction
    • Theoretical approaches and key concepts
    • Lifelong growth, nature/nurture; theories – psychodynamic, behavioural, social cognitive, cognitive, lifespan;
  2. Early childhood
    • cognitive & social development in the first 6 years
    • Genetics, personality, cognition, recognition, memory, social relationships;
  3. Middle childhood
    • cognitive, moral & social development in the school years
    • Motor skills, cognitive and language development, relationships with family and peers, moral development;
  4. Challenges of middle childhood
    • School and learning, sense of self, achievement, peer pressure, family breakup, grief and trauma
  5. Adolescence ... cognitive, moral and social development
    • Cognitive development, moral development, identity, relationships with family and peers;
  6. Challenges of adolescence
    • Sexuality, peer groups, identity vs role confusion, trauma, depression, values and meaning;
  7. Adulthood - cognitive and psychosocial development in early and middle adulthood
    • Sexuality, parenthood. work and achievement, moral reasoning, gender roles, cultural perspectives, adult thinking;
  8. Challenges of adulthood
    • Marriage and divorce, grief, depression, parenting, dealing with change;
  9. Late adulthood - cognitive and psychosocial changes in the elderly
    • Intelligence, learning and age, physiological influences, cognitive abilities, personality changes, relationships;
  10. Challenges of late adulthood
    • Loss, mourning, depression and elderly suicide, aging brain - dementia etc, integrity vs despair, loss of independence.
Bioenergetics (Human Biology 1B)

There are 7 lessons in this course:

  1. Energy and Work
    • Anaerobic energy supply
    • Phosphate energy
    • Lactic acid energy
    • Adenosine triphosphate
    • Aerobic energy supply
    • Energy requirements for different types of activity
    • Breathing during exercise
    • ATP movement
    • ATP sources
    • ATP-PC system
    • Lactic acid system
    • Oxygen system
    • Aerobic systems
    • Krebs cycle
  2. Energy Pathways
    • What is energy
    • The nature of energy
    • Units of measurement
    • Production and storage of energy
    • Carbohydrates in an animal or human body
    • Gycogenesis
    • Glycogenolysis
    • Gluconeogenesis
    • Hyperglycaemia
    • Carbohydrate oxidation
    • Glycolysis
    • Hydrolysis
    • Hydrolysis of metal salts
    • Hydrolysis of an ester link
    • Energy production pathways from different foods: fats, carbohydrates, proteins
    • Respiratory quotient
    • Resting quotientAerobic capacity
    • What happens during exercise
    • Recovery from exercise: Alactacid and lantacid oxygen debt, Replenishing muscular glycogen
    • Lactic acid
    • Calculations
  3. The Acid-Base Balance
    • pH
    • What is acidity
    • The urinary system: Kidneys, ureters, bladder
    • Physiology of the Urinary system
    • The urea cycle
  4. Osmosis and Diffusion
    • Diffusion explained and examples given
    • Nature and types of diffusion
    • Movement of molecules through cell membranes
    • Endocytosis
    • Membranes and their structure
    • Osmosis
    • Osmosis and filtration
    • Membrane transport: simple passive, active and facilitated transport
    • Chemical potential
    • Osmotic pressure
    • Reverse osmosis
  5. Atmospheric Pressure
    • Altitudes
    • Introduction to atmospheric pressure
    • Partial pressure gradients
    • Effects of change in pressure
    • Equalising when diving
    • Gas solubility
    • Breathing at different atmospheric pressures
    • Calculations
  6. Temperature Regulation
    • Introduction
    • Affect of temperature changes on the human body
    • Conduction and convection
    • Lowering temperature: sweating, vasodilation, metabolic reduction, hair, behaviour
    • Raising temperature
    • Vasoconstriction
    • Increased metabolism
    • Behaviour
    • Effect of temperature on enzymes
    • Ecrine glands
    • Apocrine glands
    • Energy production
    • Factors affecting individual BMR: growth, body size, food, thyroid gland
    • Fever: mechanism of fever, shivering, other temperature disorders
    • Grades of fever
    • Signs of fever
  7. Ergogenic Aids to Performance
    • Introduction
    • Drugs: steroids, amphetamines
    • Oxygen
    • Vitamins
    • Water
    • Other foods: carbohydrates, protein
    • Creatine
    • Caffeine
    • Antioxidants

 

Software and Hardware of our Psychology

Human behaviour is affected not only by the thoughts, feelings and knowledge that we have but also by the physical nature of the brain and it's connections throughout the body. Biopsychology is akin to the hardware of a computer. Our thoughts, feelings, knowledge and such are more akin to the software of a computer.

This certificate is focused more on the "hardware" involved with human behaviour.

It all begins with an understanding of the brain; but that is only the beginning. There is a great deal more to discover if you truly want to begin understanding human behaviour.

The Brain

The brain may be divided into two almost identical halves. These halves are called the cerebral hemispheres. In fact, the telencephalon, which is the upper part of the forebrain, has a longitudinal fissure running across it which naturally divides these two hemispheres. They are not completely separate, but have fibres connecting them. These fibres allow the two sides of the brain to communicate with each other. Whilst they look similar, usually one hemisphere is dominant over the other. For example, the left hemisphere is usually dominant in right-handed people, and the right hemisphere is dominant in the majority of left-handed people.

The corpus callosum connects the two hemispheres of the brain.  It contains many neurons and axons which enable communication between the hemispheres. If the fibres in the corpus callosum are severed or interfered with, this can result in a condition called “split brain”.  In some cases, for instance conditions like severe epilepsy, a callosotomy is performed. This is where the fibres between the two hemispheres are severed. This only happens when the epilepsy is severe and medication has not helped.

These divisions can affect the communication between the two sides of the brain in a number of ways. For example, if the person touches an object with their left hand, and receives no visual cues on the right visual field, they cannot say out loud what they are touching.  This is thought to be because in each hemisphere there is a tactile representation of what they are holding. However, the speech centre is usually on the left hand side of the brain, so communication between the two sides is inhibited and the person cannot name what is in their left hand.

Lateralisation

The division between the hemispheres of the brain is 'lateralisation'. This means that some functions are performed more on one side of the brain compared to the other.  In humans, the left hemisphere controls the right side of the body and the right hemisphere controls the left. But not all functions are shared equally. For instance, the left hand side of the brain is usually the area for language ability, and this is probably the most lateralised of functions. 

Scientists have studied the brain and behaviour of people whose brains have been injured and compared them to those of healthy people. From such studies it is possible to determine the principle functions of the different areas of the brain. As you might imagine though, there is still a great deal to learn.

The Lobes

The forebrain is also divided into four lobes or sections:

Occipital Lobe

This is located at the back of the brain and mainly deals with visual information from the eyes. At the rear is a region called area 17 and if this area is damaged it causes significant blindness. Damage of this area in the right hemisphere causes blindness in the left eye and left hemisphere causes blindness in the right eye. Another region known as the secondary visual area is responsible for higher visual processing including object recognition and visual discrimination. The occipital lobe is not solely a visual centre though. Some aspects of learning and other functions are also dealt with here.

Parietal Lobe

This is located in the upper-rear portion of the brain. It is concerned with information on perception, magnitude and spatial relationships. The post-central gyrus which is positioned at the anterior part of this lobe is concerned with our sense of touch. Damage to the post-central gyrus causes impaired bodily sensations like failure to recognise objects by touching them or inability to recognise the texture or weight of an object. Another region of this lobe, the secondary somesthetic area is involved in finer sensory discrimination and integration of sensation with touch.  Damage to one side of this lobe can cause a person to neglect the opposite side of their body. For instance they may only groom one side of their body and ignore the other.

Temporal Lobe 

This is located beneath the parietal lobe. It is concerned with language and memory. Wernicke's area, located in the left temporal lobe, is where much of our language comprehension takes place.  The temporal lobe also receives information from the vestibular system and so is associated with balance.  The more complex aspects of visual processing are also located here. The temporal lobe is connected to the limbic system and so is also concerned with emotions and motivation and damage to this lobe can also impact upon personality. 

Frontal Lobe

This is thought of as our management or executive centre. Broca's area located in the left frontal lobe is concerned with production of speech. The pre-central gyrus in the posterior region deals with movement control mainly on the opposite, or contralateral, side of the body, but sometimes the same side.  The prefrontal area is the section which is severed from the rest of the brain during a prefrontal lobotomy, a surgical technique which was formerly used to control schizophrenia. Patients who underwent this procedure often experienced other unwanted effects such as loss of planning skills, poor motivation and blunted emotions which led to the procedure falling out of favour.   

 

 

 

 If you would like to learn more about the brain and biology? Study Biopsychology to gain an insight into this fascinating area of psychology!
 
Why delay? Enrol today and start studying this great course.
 


Meet some of our academics

Lyn QuirkM.Prof.Ed.; Adv.Dip.Compl.Med (Naturopathy); Adv.Dip.Sports Therapy Over 30 years as Health Club Manager, Fitness Professional, Teacher, Coach and Business manager in health, fitness and leisure industries. As business owner and former department head for TAFE, she brings a wealth of skills and experience to her role as a tutor for ACS.
Tracey JonesWidely published author, Psychologist, Manager and Lecturer. Over 10 years working with ACS and 25 years of industry experience. Qualifications include: B.Sc. (Hons) (Psychology), M.Soc.Sc (social work), Dip. SW (social work), PGCE (Education), PGD (Learning Disability Studies).
Gavin ColePsychologist, Educator, Author, Psychotherapist. B.Sc., Psych.Cert., M. Psych. Cert.Garden Design, MACA Gavin is both a highly experienced Psychologist and tutor. Gavin has over 25 years experience in the Psychology industry, and has been working with ACS since 2001. He has worked in both Australia and England, and has been involved in writing numerous books and courses in Psychology and Counselling


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