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Due to the extreme pressures many of our plant and animal species have been put under, governments across the world have initiated recovery plans to mitigate further loss. Recovery programs usually involve many aspects. These can include:
Many governing bodies have initiated what is sometimes referred to as Threat Abatement Plans or Threat Management Plans to tackle particular threatening processes affecting vulnerable species. These plans will usually incorporate the following:
For Threat Management Plans to work, it requires the cooperation and participation of Environmental Protection Agencies, other government authorities, corporations, organisations and the community.
Identifying Critical Habitat
When a species is listed as threatened, the federal government will usually charge wildlife biologists with the duty of determining the critical habitat for the species. Critical habitat is that which provides the elements that are critical for the success of the species. These can be quite subtle and complex and require careful study and collection of biological information.
Critical habitat at a small scale can be difficult to identify. However, it can become more problematic for larger animals and migratory species. Large animals can have home ranges that cover thousands of hectares (eg. the Asiatic Tiger). They may also require different habitat types for various activities. Critical habitat must include resources needed for hunting, mating and raising young.
Once critical habitat has been identified, it is up to the governing bodies to provide protection for this habitat. If critical habitat occurs on private land, governing agencies will need to work in conjunction with land holders to ensure protection. This might take the form of conservation agreements or incentives to protect habitat such grant schemes or rate relief.