Interested in working within medicine? This diploma course helps prepare you for further medical studies.
This is an excellent opportunity for any individual in any part of the world to follow a career in health. Note: that this course does not and should not be seen as providing full medical training.
This unique course can be studied from home. This diploma meets the high standards required for many health or medical schools. Alone it does not make you a doctor -of course -but it does provide an excellent scientific foundation to work or study further in the health industry.
Note that each module in the Qualification - Pre-Medical Diploma is a short course in its own right, and may be studied separately.
More Information on the Modules
Modules (5 Credits each):
Introduction to Technical Writing (non-credit)
Students taking this module will have a basic understanding of technical writing including referencing procedures. Only a few hours study time, and very useful. No fee applies for this module.
BSC101 Human Biology (Anatomy & Physiology)
This module provides basic knowledge of human anatomy and physiology.
There are 6 lessons as follows:
1. Cells and Tissues -
Explains the human body at a microscopic level, including the structure and function of cells, tissues and membranes.
Includes: the cell; human tissues; cell division; cell process; nutrient and waste exchange in cells.
2. The Skeleton -
Examines features of the human skeletal system.
Includes: bone anatomy; bone types; number of bones in adult human body; joints of bone; bone movements; the skeleton; fractures and fracture healing; osteoporosis.
3. The Muscular System -
Describes the human muscular system, in terms of structure and basic function.
Includes: tendons; movement; muscle fibre types; skeletal muscle types; summary.
4. The Nervous System –
Looks at the human nervous system, in terms of structure and basic functions.
Includes: nerve cells; sensory neurons, motor neurons; nerve terminology; the nervous system; central and peripheral nervous system; main parts of the nervous system; the spinal cord; cranial nerves; the autonomic nervous system; reflex actions.
5. Digestion & Excretion -
Explains different physiological systems of digestion and excretion in the body.
Includes: alimentary canal; mouth; oesophagus; stomach; small intestine; large intestine; accessory digestive organs; tongue, teeth, salivary glands; liver; pancreas, nutrient digestion disorders; selected digestive system disorders; vomiting; peptic ulcer, jaundice; haemorrhoids; cirrhosis; excretion; urinary system.
6. Physiological Systems –
Focuses on the different physiological systems of the body.
Includes: endocrine system.
BSC109 Medical Terminology
This module develops skills to communicate clearly and effectively using medical terminology.
There are 10 lessons as follows:
1. Scope and Nature of Medical Terminology –
Origins of words, structure of words, prefix examples, suffix examples.
2. Anatomical Structure –
Location of organs, brain structure, body position and symmetry, acronyms/symbols/shorthand used in medicine.
3. Medical Equipment and Processes –
Diagnostic and surgical procedures and equipment, storage and handling of medicines, sterilizing equipment, bacteria, common bacteria encountered in a medical setting, types of wounds, problems resulting from wounds, treating wounds, cleaning wounds, electrolytes,
4. Pharmacological Terminology –
Medicinal terminology, including alternative and herbal, allergens, alphablockers, anthelmintics, antibiotics, antitussives, beta blockers, carcinogens, cathartics, expectorants, hormone like effects, nervines, vasodilators, over the counter and prescription drugs, terminology for over the counter and prescription drugs, antipsychotic drugs, antidepressants.
5. Musculoskeletal System –
Major muscles, musculature, the relationship between muscles and skeleton, bone and joint problems, disorders of the musculoskeletal system.
6. Cardiovascular, Lymphatic and Immune Systems –
Parts of the body, the heart, circulation, systole and diastole, disorders of the cardiovascular system, heart disease, heart attack, arrhythmias, abnormal blood pressure, lymphatic system, immunity, lympathic organs, leukocytes, leukocyte diagnostic terminology, vaccination, immunity, types of immunity, how vaccines work, types of vaccine, disorders of the immune system.
7. Respiratory and Reproductive Systems –
The respiratory system, the lungs, respiration, pulmonary circulation, gas exchange, carbon monoxide poisoning, diagnostic procedures for lungs and airways, respiratory disorders, reproductive system- male and female, pregnancy, parturition, casearean section, VBAC and multiple gestation, premature birth and miscarriage, reproductive disorders.
8. Digestive and Excretory Systems –
Digestive system, renal system, kidneys, ureters and bladder, urethra, disorders of the digestive and renal systems.
9. Integumentary System (Skin) –
Integumentary system, parts of the body, structure of the integument, disorders, diagnostic procedures.
10. Nervous and Sensory Systems –
Parts of the body, disorders of the nervous system, disorders of the sensory system, diagnostic procedures for nervous disorders and sensory disorders, terminology.
BSC103 Biochemistry I (Animals)
Biochemistry is the chemistry of living things. This module concentrates on the chemistry of the animals.
There are 10 lessons as follows –
1. Introduction To Biochemistry
· Basics; atoms, chemical bonds, molecules
· The Periodic Table
· Parts of a Molecule
· Common chemical groups
· Using these groups
· Arrangement of atoms in a molecule
· Chemical Nomenclature
· Organisms and Organic Compounds
· Biochemical Processes in the cell
2. Lipids and Proteins
· Carbohydrates; types
· Carbohydrate Function
· Fatty Acids
· Commercially useful fats and lipids
· Functional Categorisation of Proteins
· Proteins in the human diet
3. Enzymes and Hormones
· Classification of hormones
· Endocrine Glands
· Enzyme activation
· Enzyme deactivation
· Digestive Enzymes
· Digestive Hormones
· Enzyme PBL Project
4. Nucleic Acids
· Nucleotide Structure
· Raising temperature
· Lowering Temperature
· Effect of Temperature on Enzymes
· Sweat Glands
· Energy Production
· Individual BMR
6. Carbohydrate Metabolism
· Carbohydrate Oxidation
· Glycolysis Citric Acid Cycle
· Anaerobic Respiration
· Carbohydrate Storage
· Absorption of Carbohydrates
· Carbohydrates in Mammals
· Comparing Energy Pathways
· The Urea Cycle
· Digestive Enzymes
· Chemical Digestion
· Gastric, Pancreatic and Intestinal Juices
8. Acidity and Alkalinity
· Measuring pH
· Animal Acid Base Balance
· Acidosis and Alkalosis
· Mammalian Buffer Systems
· Role of Renal System in Acid Base Balance
9. Chemical Analysis
· Biochemical Testing
· Concentration testing
· Moles and Molarity
· Analysis of Biomolecules
· DNA Composition
· RNA Composition
· Protein Composition
10. Biochemical Applications
· Environmental and Agricultural Testing
· Medical Science
· Cell Structure
BSC110 Cell Biology
An understanding of cell biology is important in many areas of study, for the cell is the building block of all living forms.
There are 10 lessons in this module as follows:
1. Introduction to Cells and Their Structure -
History of cell biology; prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells; cell shape and size; cell structure; the nucleus including the nucleolus, euchromatin and heterochromatin; differences in animal and plant cells.
2. Cell Chemistry -
Cell chemical composition; carbohydrates; lipids; nucleic acids; proteins; enzymes; cell membranes; golgi apparatus.
3. DNA, Chromosomes and Genes
Including: what is DNA, Chromosomes, Genes; DNA replication; telomeres and telomerase; genetics; case study in genetic inheritance; phenotype and genotype; gene mutations.
4. Cell Division: Meiosis and Mitosis -
Including: Mitosis and meiosis overview; mitosis; meiosis.
5. Cell Membranes -
Including: membranes; structure of cell membranes; movement of molecules through cell membranes; endocytosis; osmosis and filtration; hydrostatic pressure; active transport; electro-chemical gradient; nutrient and waste exchange in animal cells; mediated and non-mediated transport.
6. Protein Structure and Function -
Including: protein structure; fibrous proteins; globular proteins; protein organisation; primary to quaternary structure; protein function.
7. Protein Synthesis -
Including: overview; the function of ribonucleic acid in protein synthesis; transcription and translation; initiation; elongation; termination.
8. Food, Energy, Catalysis and Biosynthesis -
Including: sources of energy; metabolism within the cell; catabolic metabolism; anabolic metabolism; ATP movement; Kreb's cycle; production and storage of energy; energy production pathways from different foods; biosynthesis of cell molecules; mitochrondria; chloroplasts.
9. Intracellular Compartments, Transport and Cell Communication -
Including: Cell communication; endocrine signalling; paracrine signalling; autocrine signalling; cytoskeleton; actin filaments; intermediate filaments; microtubules.
10. The Cell Cycle and Tissue Formation -
Including: the cell cycle; phases of the cell cycle; cell cycle regulation; cell death; cells to bodies; stem cells; animal tissues including muscle, connective, epithelial, nerve; blood.
BSC203 Biochemistry II (Molecules)
The module focuses on developing a greater familiarisation with biochemical molecules.
There are 9 lessons as follows:
1. Introduction to Biochemical Molecules –
What is Biochemistry? Cells, Metabolic Processes.
2. Amino Acids –
Biochemical Nomenclature, Amino Acid Properties, Genetic Coding, Terminology.
3. Structure of Proteins –
Functions, Structure, Fibrous Proteins, Cofactors and Conformations, Post Translational Modifications, Protein Denaturation, Protein Degradation.
4. Protein Dynamics –
Folding, Molecular Chaperones, Heat Shock Proteins, Understanding Protein Structure, Structural Evolution
5. Sugars and Polysaccharides –
Saccharides, Polysaccharide Bonds, Polysaccharide Function, Monosaccharides, Disaccharides.
6. Lipids (Fats) and Membranes –
Lipids, Cholesterol, Cellular Membranes, Terminology
Enzymes, Vitamins and Hormones.
7. DNA and RNA –
Nucleic Acids, Structure, Types of RNA, DNA Replication, Inheritance, Interesting Facts.
8. Laboratory Techniques –
Laboratory Health and Safety, Common Experimental Methods.
Develop and build your understanding of the principles of Physiology. In this module, we examine functions of the cells, tissues, systems of the human body.
There are 9 lessons as follows:
1. Cellular Physiology
· Menbrane transport
· Simple passive transport
· Facilitated passive transport
· Active transport
· Transcription, translation and post transcriptional modification
· Cellular metabolism
· Cellular energy production
· Homeostatic balance
· Feedback system
· Body temperature
· Effect of temperature on enzymes
· Adenosine triphosphate
· Physiology of tissue
· Epithelial tissue
· Connective tissue
· Dense connective tissue
· Bone tissue
· Bone physiology
· Compact bone
· Spongy bone
· Muscle tissue
· Muscle fibre: filament types
· Nervous tissue
3. Systems Physiology
· Central and peripheral nervous systems
· Somatic and autonomic nervous systems
· Sensory, motor and integrated systems
· General senses
· The process of sensation
· Special senses
· Autonomic nervous system
· Autonomic reflexes
· Parasympathetic nervous system
· Sympathetic nervous system
· Structure of the nervous system
· Parts of a neuron
· Classification of different neurons
· Neuron function
· Action potentials
· Graded potentials
· Synapses: electrical, chemical
· Neural circuits
· Different functions of the brain
· Homeostatic reflex arc
· Spinal chord and spinal nerves
· Functions of endocrine system
· Actions of hormones
· Hormone target cells
· Anterior pituitary gland hormones
· Actions of posterior pituitary
· Actions of adrenal gland: cortex and medula
· Pancreatic hormones
· Thyroid gland
· Adrenal glands
· Hormone receptors
6. Cardiovascular Physiology
· Heart function
· Cardiac cycle
· Heart muscle cell contraction
· Blood vessels
· Blood: regulation, erthrocyte physiology, leucocytes
· Lymphatic system
· Blood flow
· Gas transport
· Arterial alveolar gradient
· Oxygen transport
· Factors affecting oxygen release by haemoglobin
· Immune system structure
· Lymphatic organs and tissues
· Types of resistance
· Non specific cellular and chemical defences: phagocytes, natural killer cells
· The inflammatory response
· Specific defence mechanisms
· Humoral immunity
8. Respiratory Physiology
· Respiratory epithelium
· The lungs
· Airway anatomy
· Nasal and oral cavities
· Larynx, trachea, bronchial tree
· Function of respiratory system
· Pulmonary ventilation
· Lung volumes and capacity
9. Renal Physiology
· Urinary system
· Blood and nerve supply
· Kidney functions
· Remal processes
· Glomerular filtration
· Electrolyte and Acid base balance
· Tubular reabsorption
· Tubular secretion
· Urinary bladder
· Micturition process
This module provides an opportunity to develop and build on your understanding of the principles of Anatomy.
There are 7 lessons as follows:
· Common Organelles & Structures such as Plasma Membrane, Cytoplasm, Cytosol, Cytoskeleton, Nucleus, Endoplasmic Reticulum (ER), Mitochondria, Golgi Apparatus, Ribosomes, Lysosome and Peroxisome
· Specialised Organelles & Structures - Sarcolemma, Sarcoplasmic Reticulum, T-Tubules, Undulipodia and Microvilli
· The Anatomy of Cellular Division - Review, Characteristic Interphase Structures, Characteristic Mitosis Structures.
2. Surface Anatomy
· Terminology - Regions and Positions of the Body, Planes and Views of the Body, Locational and Directional Terminology, Descriptive Terms, Numerical Terms
· Surface Anatomy
· Superficial Structures, Features and Markings - the Head, the Neck, the Back, the Anterior Torso, the Upper Extremities and the Lower Extremities.
· Practical Use of Surface Anatomy - Inspection, Palpation, Auscultation, Percussion, Measuring Vital Signs, Blood Testing and Signs versus Symptoms.
3. Systemic Anatomy I
· Systemic Anatomy - Integumentary, Nervous, Endocrine, Immune etc.
· Organisation of the Body
· The integumentary System - Anatomy of the Skin and Anatomy of other Integumentary System Components
· The Nervous System - the Brain, the Spinal Cord, Spinal Nerve Anatomy, Divisions of the Nervous System
· The Cardiovascular System - the Heart and the Vasculature
· The Renal System - the Kidneys, the Ureters, the Bladder and the Urethra.
4. Systemic Anatomy II
· The Endocrine System - the Pineal Gland, the Pituitary Gland, the Hypothalamus, Thyroid, Parathyroids, Thymus, Pancreas, Adrenal Glands and Ovaries and Testes.
· The Immune System - Thymus, Spleen, Bone Marrow and Lymphatic System
· The Male Reproductive System - External Components and Spermatogenesis in the Seminiferous Tubules of the Testes.
· The Female Reproductive System - the Uterus, the Vagina, the External Genitalia, the Ovaries and Fallopian Tubes, Accessory Glands and the Breast and Mammary Tissue.
5. Regional Anatomy I
· Regional Anatomy - Integument, Peripheral Nervous System, Vasculature, Skeleton, Musculature
· Musculature - Brevi, Extensor, Indicis, Longus, Palmar etc.
· Bone - Girdle, Notch, Spine, Tuberosity etc.
· Vasculature and Miscellaneous - Axilla, Cubital, Palpate etc.
· The Cranial Cavity - Bones of the Skull and Facial Bones
· Thoracic Cavity - the Oral and Nasal Cavities, the Paranasal Sinuses, the Nasopharynx, the Oropharynx, the Laryngopharynx, the Larynx, Laryngeal Membranes, Ligaments and Muscles, the Trachea, the Bronchial Tree, the Lungs and the Diaphragm
· The Abdominopelvic Cavity - the Oesophagus, the Stomach, the Small Intestine and the Large Intestine.
6. Regional Anatomy II
· The Upper Extremities - Anatomical features of - the Humerus, the Ulna, the Radius, the Carpals, the Metacarpals, the Phalanges; Musculature of the Upper Extremities, Innervation of the Upper Extremity, Vasculature of the Upper Extremity.
· The Lower Extremities - Anatomical Features of - the Pelvis, the Femur, the Tibia, the Fibula, the Tarsals, the Metatarsals, the Phalanges, Innervation of the Upper Extremity and Vasculature of the Lower Extremities.
7. Radiographic and Diagnostic Anatomy
· Medical Imaging - X-Ray, CAT scan, MRI, PET Scan and Ultrasound
· Diagnostic Anatomy - Abdominopelvic Cavity, Abdominopelvic Quadrants.
BSC302 Biochemistry III (Processes)
To explain a range of common biochemical processes with an emphasis upon animal and human biochemical processes.
There are 10 lessons in this module:
1. Introduction –
Includes: What is metabolism, cell components, energy, ATP, oxidation - reduction.
2. Glycolysis and Glycogen Metabolism –
Includes: What is glycolysis, the phases of glycolysis, pyruvate, glycogen.
3. Movement through Membranes –
Includes: Transport mechanisms, different types of cellular transport.
4. Electron Transport and Oxidative Phosphorylation –
Includes: Oxidative phosphorylation, citric acid cycle.
5. Sugar and Polysaccharide Metabolism –
Includes: Gluconeogenesis, pentose phosphate pathway.
6. Lipid Metabolism –
Includes: Fatty oxidation including beta oxidation, unsaturated fatty acid oxidation, ketone bodies, biosynthesis of fatty acids.
7. Amino Acid Metabolism –
Includes: Transamination, amino acid catabolic processes, the urea cycle and biosynthesis.
8. Nucleotide Metabolism –
Includes: Synthesis and regulation, nucleotide degradation, purines, nucleotide co-enzymes.
9. Enzyme Activity –
Includes: Classification and kinetics, regulation.
10. Other Processes –
Includes: Hormones, neurotransmitters and signal cascades.
After successfully accumulating 40 credits, and meeting all other requirements, all students will receive a Diploma in Pre-Medical Studies.