HEALTH SUPPORT DISTANCE LEARNING COURSE
Health services are becoming more and more in demand. Health professionals require educated, skilled support staff to assist them in their practices.
This course provides the student with a solid foundation in health and office practices to provide the graduate with opportunities in the health and medical support industry - either to support a health practitioner, or to provide services themselves.
This is a stand alone course, but can also lead to further studies in a variety of disciplines.
The course consists of 6 modules, 3 CORE modules, and 3 ELECTIVE modules.
Note that each module in the Qualification - Certificate in Health Support is a short course in its own right, and may be studied separately.
WHAT CAN GO WRONG WITH BONES AND JOINTS
These may include any of the following:
Sprains occur when the ligaments (connective tissues that connect two anatomical structures) have been suddenly stretched or even torn. A sprain is indicated by pain and swelling at a joint and temporary, localised lameness. These symptoms can be associated with other injuries (eg. Broken bone), so if symptoms are more severe, pain severe or a deformity obvious an examination by a doctor is advised. It is best to take caution and seek a professional opinion and x-ray as the localised swelling can mask deformity and cause further damage. Delaying treatment of a fracture can seriously affect healing. For a sprain the best treatment is rest. Ice packs can also help reduce swelling. Serious sprain injuries (such as sprained knee ligaments) may require prolonged rest, perhaps for as long as six months. Repeat ligament strains can require surgery. Anti inflammatory medications may be required to reduce swelling. Some more severe sprains may also be treated with a cast, to immobilize the affected tissue.
Bones may be broken as a result of a significant force, such as a car accident, fight or fall. Internal injuries caused by the same event, perhaps resulting in internal bleeding are not uncommon. The victim may also often suffer shock when a bone is broken. Pain and bleeding from the bones is common as they are very well vascularised and innervated. Bones in children are less brittle and may crack more often, and break less. Bones in older people, being more brittle are more often likely to break. There are several types of fractures:
o Open or Compound
o Broken bones penetrate through the skin
o Splintering, shattering, crushing or smashing of a bone into several pieces
o The bone is broken due to antiparallel forces on opposite ends, common in the vertebrae
o An incomplete fracture, where one edge of the bone shaft is broken and the other is bent toward the fracture. Most common in young children
o Fracture of the epiphysial plates (area of new bone formation, seal when a person stops growing in early adulthood)
o A fracture due to a severe twisting force along the length of the bone
o A fracture that runs at right angles to the long axis of the bone
A compound fracture is most likely to damage associated musculature and connective tissues structures and to cause infection. Infection of the bone itself is particularly serious. Complications from fractures can be penetrating injuries to the organs and deep blood vessels.
Bone Infections (osteomyelitis)
These are most likely to occur when the skin has been punctured. Symptoms might include swelling, limping, pain and fever. Bone infection can occur in the absence of an obvious injury and is also a symptom of some degenerative diseases. Bone infections must be confirmed using an x ray and often a biopsy. Antibiotics and surgery may be needed and recovery can take a long time. The bone marrow is often affected, compromising the immune system.
Dislocation (also referred to as luxation/subluxation)
Bones may be dislodged from their normal position in a joint as a result of a significant force such as a car accident, fight or fall. Internal injuries caused by the same event, perhaps resulting in internal bleeding are not uncommon. Dislocation causes pain, and obviously, the person may be unable to weight bear on the dislocated bond. Often there will be an apparent deformity superficial to the dislocation. A doctor will need to verify suspected dislocation and replace the bone in the joint by a physical manipulation. You should not attempt to correct a dislocation yourself! It can be extremely painful when done incorrectly (in some cases an anaesthetic or analgesic will be given prior to manipulation), some dislocations require surgical correction, and you will most likely cause greater damage (pinch nerves or tendons, damage muscle or joint tissues etc). Simply support and immobilise the joint and seek professional assessment and treatment. Applying ice compresses (wrapped in cloth, never directly onto the skin) can also reduce swelling and pain.
DISORDERS OF THE MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM
The muscles need to be healthy and functioning properly for the body to move normally. Often, muscles, bursas, and tendons that are injured due to trauma, overuse, infection, and occasionally disease can be temporarily or permanently damaged. Damage can cause pain, limit control over movement, and reduce the normal range of motion. In some cases, the neurological control of the muscle is lost. This is the case with spinal injuries, and can also occur with deep laceration injuries where the nerve is severed closer to the muscle it controls.
Common muscle disorders include:
A sudden, brief and painful tetanic contraction of a muscle or group of muscles. Cramps are believed to be caused mainly by hyperexcitability of the nerves controlling the muscle/s. They may also be due to muscle fatigue, dehydration, low blood concentrations of calcium, magnesium or potassium or depletion of ATP.
Sprains and strains
Sprains and strains are not the same thing! A sprain is an injury to a ligament, while a strain is an injury to muscle or tendon. The extent of the injury (complete or partial tear, hyperextension, torsion) will determine the severity of the symptoms, which will include some localised pain, inflammation and loss of mobility. In severe cases a tendon or muscle can be partially or completely torn from the bone insertion or origin.
A group of related genetic diseases that are characterised by the progressive weakening of the skeletal and smooth muscles. Some types result in a rapid degeneration and premature death, others are much slower and do not alter life expectancy too greatly.
A group of disorders that are characterised by pain and stiffness in the soft tissues (including muscles, tendons and ligaments)
The smooth muscles can also be affected by disorders. Examples include irritable bowel syndrome, varicose veins and conditions where arterial tone is compromised.
These are designed to build extra skills which compliment job in medicine, complimentary medicine and health services. A range of options are offered, to provide students the change of pursuing areas of specific relevance or interest to them. This way every student can build a slightly different set of skills, differentiating themselves from others in industry, and allowing them to develop a reputation as a "specialist" fulfilling a niche that is different to others.
Why Choose This Course
- Courses are revised annually so our students learn up-to-date theory
- We work to help you understand and remember information – not just pass exams!
- Our courses are designed to enable your new skills to be applied in the real world
- You will develop networks and contacts with like-minded individuals in your field
- Start any time, study at your own pace, study from anywhere
- Don’t waste time and money travelling to and from classes
- More choices in your assignments giving you options to focus on parts of the subject which interest you most
- Tutors are accessible; your tutor will interact with you one-to-one.
- Support means if you find a task you can’t do, we will help you through it or give you another option.
- Additional guidance after graduation, advice on getting work, starting a business, putting a CV together. We promote students and their businesses through our extensive profile on the internet.
How You Study
- When you enrol, we send you an email that explains it all.
- Watch our short online orientation media clip, as the Principal introduces you to how the course works, and how you can access support services
- You are either given access to your course online, CD-rom or course materials through the mail (by courier).
- You work through lessons one by one. Each lesson has at least four parts:
- You are given access to and encouraged to use a range of supplementary services including an online student room, including online library; student bookshop, newsletters, social media etc.
- You are provided with a "student manual" which you can refer to if and when needed. It provides a quick solution to most problems that might occur (some people never need to use this; but if you are studying late at night & have a problem, the manual provides a first port of call that can often get you moving again).
Recognition & Credibility
- ACS is known and highly respected internationally by employers and academics alike
- Recognised by International Accreditation and Recognition Council
- ACS has been training people around the world since 1979
- Over 100,000 have now studied ACS courses, across more than 150 countries
- Formal affiliations with colleges in five countries
- A faculty of over 40 internationally renowned academics –books written by our staff used by universities and colleges around the world.